Case Studies | Different types of case studies | Benefits of case studies.

What are Case Studies in this article? Where is case analysis used and what are the benefits? We will discuss the topics. Let’s get to know the case analysis, which is very popular today and used in almost every field.

What is a Case?

The dictionary meaning of a case is an event, an event. However, it is also the name given to studies that deal with the real or corporate business situation and contain data.

What is Case Analysis?

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Case analysis is the most commonly used research technique in social sciences. It is a team effort used to make a very large area easily understandable and discoverable. Case issues do not belong to a single unit, person, or company. Case solutions do not give general results. But the same data can be interpreted differentlyHowever, all of this data is about improving solutions that can be implemented easier.

What is the Purpose of Case Analysis?

The purpose of the case study is to understand the situation chosen for the study. The researcher gives detailed definitions, develops explanations, and evaluates the phenomenon. Case analysis is designed to provide detailed information about a particular area. But there is often an opinion to place the case in the wider community. For example, a case study of the health of immigrants in Yorkshire can be used. It can be used as a basis for understanding their needs and wider societal relations.

 When Should a Case Analysis Be Done?

It is an analysis technique that you should apply when you want to gain contextual information about a particular subject. It allows you to discover the key features, meanings, and consequences of the case. Case studies are a pretty good choice for a dissertation or doctoral thesis. S0, It keeps your project focused and manageable. Thus you don’t have the time or resources to do large-scale research.

Where is the Case study Used?

  • This one is used in the study of complex social environments.
  • It is used in the exploratory, early stages of research and to form hypotheses.
  • The situation is used to evaluate a health problem.
  • It can be used as a biographical research method.
  • That one is used by researchers as a phenomenological perspective.
  • It can be used by clinicians to understand the disease.

What are the Stages of Case Analysis?

  1. The team that will conduct the case analysis should be determined in advance.
  2. The team should be informed about the sector and the subject to be analyzed.
  3. The research question should be determined and well defined. For case studies, the research question should usually begin with ‘How’ or ‘Why’.
  4. It should be stated how the data will be collected and which analysis methods will be used. All available options and analysis techniques should be considered.
  5. Data collection should begin. How to deal with large datasets must be figured out to avoid getting overwhelmed while work is in progress.
  6. Data should be collected and organized in an easily distinguishable area. Good notes should be kept and an organized database should be established.
  7. The data should be analyzed meticulously and the solutions found should be explained.
  8. The most appropriate solution for the case should be chosen.
  9. A clear presentation of the solution found should be made.

Feedback should be received and a report should be prepared with the received notifications.

Positive aspects

  • This one offers in-depth information about a slice of life.
  • That one allows the reader to make a comparison between his own situation presented.
  • The situation provides depth learning of any situation.
  • It does not have to depend on before-asked questions and data collection methods. It can change.

Action research Work to improve the quality of actions

  1. It is a genre that requires people directly involved in the situation to work.
  2. This one is like a teacher who is not successful in the classroom environment. you should try a new method to increase his success and observing it.
  3. The situation is suitable for those who are involved in the process to be developed.

Characteristics of action research

  1. Firstly, It is done by the person involved in the process.
  2. Secondly, A problem with everyday work begins to be noticed.
  3. Thirdly, and most importantly, Solutions should be compatible with universal values.
  4. However, Those that are more expensive and more difficult should be avoided.
  5. Moreover, It helps to solve local problems.

A good action researcher

  • Be aim, reliable, and valid
  • It uses different perspectives.
  • Testing whether the research result solves the problem
  • ethical evidence
  • Applicability

Narrative studies

  • It examines people’s experiences of a subject with the stories they have lived.
  • This one should be sequential, it should be in narrative form.
  • That one is mostly used in fields such as sociology, anthropology, folklore.
  • Data collection in narrative research
  • field notes
  • log records
  • Interview
  • storytelling
  • re-story
  • oral history
  • writing a letter
  • biographies
  • Other data sources (newspapers, memoirs, etc.)

What are the different types of case studies?

Collective Case Studies

These are analyzes that examine a group of people. Researchers can study a group of people in a particular setting or look at an entire population of people.

Descriptive Case Studies

These are analyzes that begin with a descriptive theory. The subjects are then observed and the collected information is compared with pre-existing theories. These are analyzes that are often used to conduct causal investigations. In other words, researchers actually study factors that may have caused certain things to happen.

Discovery Case Studies

These are the analysis technique used to conduct a more in-depth investigation. However, This allows researchers to gather more information before developing research questions and hypotheses.

Instrumental Case Studies

However, This type of analysis is a technique of analysis in which an individual or a group helps researchers learn more than is immediately apparent to observers.

Internal Case Studies

This type of case analysis is used when the researcher has a personal interest in the case. So, Jean Piaget’s observations of her own children are a prime example of how an internal case study can contribute to the development of a psychological theory.

What are the benefits of case studies?

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  • It provides an opportunity to get to know the company for which case analysis is made
  • It improves the ability to analyze.
  • Converts receiver observations into usable data.
  • Can be done remotely
  • It is very easily accessible to researchers.
  • Many different research methodologies are used.
  • It turns the idea into reality.
  • That one increases self-confidence and problem-solving ability.
  • Moreover, Builds leadership qualities.
  • This one Improves stress and time management.
  • In conclusion, Teaches teamwork.

What are the Negative Aspects of Case Analysis?

  • Firstly, Case studies can introduce influencing factors into the data. Because every person has their own unconscious bias.
  • Secondly, Analyzing data with the case analysis technique may longer than other techniques.
  • Thirdly, and most importantly,  This one can be an inefficient process.
  • Moreover, It requires a small audience size to be effective.
  • In conclusion, That one is a more intensive data collection method than other techniques.

Which Sectors Are Case Studies Related To?

Although case analysis is generally used in digital sectors, This one has gradually started to be used in many other sectors as well. Companies in the sector that are interested in SEO, SEM, search engine optimization, digital marketing, UX experience, social media, video marketing, e-commerce, website design, content marketing, and thus mobile applications use case studies in their projects.

For example, design case studies, digital marketing case studies, mobile device forensics case studies, e-commerce case studies, social media case studies, UX case studies, video marketing case studies, website design case studies.

Case Study Example

There have been many valuable case studies in the history of psychology. So, Much of Freud’s work and theories were developed using individual case studies. Here are some great examples of case studies in psychology:

Patient case studies example

Firstly, Anna O: Anna O is the pseudonym of a woman named Bertha Pappenheim, a doctor named Josef Breuer. Secondly, Although She was never Freud’s patient. Freud and Breuer discussed the case extensively. So, The woman was experiencing symptoms of a condition known as hysteria. Moreover found that talking about her problems helped reduce her symptoms. However, His case played a key role in the development of speech therapy.
 
Phineas Gage: Moreover, Phineas Gage was a railroad worker who had a terrible accident in which an explosion sent a metal rod into his skull, damaging important parts of his brain. Gage survived the accident, but with lasting drastic changes in both his personality and behavior.

Elder abuse case studies example

Genie: Genie was a young girl who was subjected to terrible abuse. Firstly, Genie’s case study allowed researchers to examine whether language can be taught. However, after critical periods for language development have been missed. Most importantly, His case also served as an example of how scientific research can interfere with treatment. It leads to further abuse by vulnerable individuals.
 
Moreover, Horrible abuse in Genie’s situation had blocked her opportunity to learn. So, This obviously wasn’t something researchers could ethically replicate. But running a case study on Genie gave researchers a chance to study events.

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